Based in Oak Ridge, Tenn., the U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Oak Ridge Office (ORO) is rich in history, dating back to World War II when the organization played a major role in the production of enriched uranium for the Manhattan Project. Since then, ORO has expanded far beyond that first mission and today is responsible for major DOE programs that include science, environmental management, nuclear fuel supply, and national security and support is provided to science laboratories and facilities operated by DOE throughout the United States. ORO also provides support to national security activities managed by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).
The majority of ORO program activities are performed at facilities located on the 33,725-acre ORR located in Anderson and Roane Counties in East Tennessee. The three major Oak Ridge facilities are the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12); and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). In addition, Oak Ridge is home to the American Museum of Science and Energy, and the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE). Approximately 13,000 contractor employees work at the Oak Ridge facilities, providing a major source of economic impact to the state of Tennessee.
Until 1995, the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) roads, grounds, and maintenance was performed by one major (large business) construction contractor that operated with autonomy similar to that of a management and operations (M&O) contractor. Since 1995, the scope, control, and geographic responsibilities was shifted to a separate DOE prime small business contractor that works and takes direction from the DOE-ORO reservation management office.
The Contractor currently maintains approximately 100 miles of roads, and several hundred acres of grounds that are not directly under the management of the Contractors at major ORR sites (ETTP, Y-12, and ORNL).