OAK RIDGE Y-12 PLANT
Location: The Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant is located within
the city limits of Oak Ridge in Anderson County.
History: Y-12 was constructed as part of the World War II
Manhattan Project. The Plant's original mission was the separation
of highly enriched uranium-235. The facility later evolved into a
highly sophisticated manufacturing facility and produced components
for every nuclear weapon in the nation's stockpile. The last nuclear
weapons component was manufactured in September 1992.
Current Mission: Today, the Y-12 Plant is responsible for:
- dismantlement of components returned from the U.S. arsenal
- serving as the nation's center for highly enriched uranium
management, processing and storage
- providing specialized advanced production support to DOE programs
and maintaining nuclear production capability and stockpile support
- support of other federal agencies through a Work for Others program
- technology transfer
Budget: The FY 1997 projected operating budget is $516 million. The
Plant is funded by DOE Defense Programs.
Employment: Current employment is 3,200. The Plant is operated
by Lockheed Martin Energy Systems for DOE.
- Maintenance of core competencies at Y-12--the storage
of highly enriched uranium and lithium processing.
- Y-12 mission is a major contributor to U.S. international
- Y-12 supports an aggressive program to reduce the size of the
production facilities to reduce operating costs. The size of the
production facilities have been reduced significantly and additional
reductions are anticipated in the next few years.
- Y-12 provides expertise initially developed for highly specialized
military purposes to a wide range of manufacturing problems of interest
to U.S. industry. These activities include assistance in all phases of
manufacturing, proceeding from concept, through detailed design and
specification, to building prototypes and configuring integrated
- Y-12 has assisted more than 3,000 companies throughout the
U.S.--almost half of which are located in Tennessee--with a broad variety
of technology transfer programs.